An interesting theory, one that could possibly put Life and Consciousness at the center of the Universe.
There are a set of numbers, just over two dozen, often referred to as ‘The Universal Constants’.
This set of numbers appears to describe (to cosmologists at least) the workings of our entire Universe.
These are numbers such as; the strength of gravity, the speed of light, the strength of the electromagnetic force, the mass of electrons and quarks etc.
These sets of numbers are so precise that if any one of the numbers were different by just a small fraction, then the Universe as we know it would cease to exist.
Why is this important?
Well, if any one of these constants were to be different by even a tiny amount, then stars, galaxies and life wouldn’t exist.
In fact, the probability of the Universe forming the way it has is statistically, such an improbable occurrence, that it has required further investigation and has spun out further theories.
To put into perspective just how remote a possibility it would be for the Universe to be the way it is, cosmologists have number-crunched the probability and there is 0.000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000001% (123 decimal places) chance of it being an accident.
Based on the 26 constants that define the Universe, cosmologists have concluded that the probability of our Universe being a ‘happy accident’ is so remote that it would be impossible to conclude its creation as a one-off, pot luck, chance event.
Statistically, there would be a greater probability of you winning the lottery, everyday of your life, than it would be for the Universe to have ended up with the exact constants required to create stars, planets and galaxies.
This has led some cosmologists to believe that the Universe is, in some sense, designed for conscious life to eventually emerge. i.e. it is fine-tuned for life and this has led to The Anthropic principle:
The philosophical consideration that observations of the physical Universe must be compatible with the conscious life that observes it. Some proponents of the anthropic principle reason that it explains why the Universe has the fundamental physical constants necessary to accommodate conscious life.
Only in a universe capable of eventually supporting life would there be living beings capable of observing any such fine tuning, while a universe less compatible of life, would go unbeheld.
The Fine-tuning of our Universe for life is such a compelling observation, that when John D Barrow and Frank J Tipler published their book ‘The Anthropic Cosmological Principle’ it sent shock-waves through the scientific community, for it seemed to suggest some sort of intelligence or consciousness at work.
This of course, was not an acceptable conclusion for the scientific reductionist mindset to embrace and thus a strong rebuttal against the existence of any ‘Universal Intelligence’ was required. Thus came the Multiverse theory – Our Universe is one of an infinite number of Universes and our Universe just so happens to be the one that is conducive to life.
With an infinite number of Universes, there are no odds, chances, statistics or probabilities to consider and our uniqueness becomes irrelevant.
This opposing theory to The Anthropic Principle, logically explains why the Universe’s fundamental constants happen to fall within the narrow ranges they do, for, out of an infinite number of Universes, one of these Universes would have to fall within such a narrow range to produce such things as stars, planets, galaxies and life.
Without the ability to detect or measure Universal intelligence and without the ability of being able to step outside our Universe to verify if there are other Universes, it is up to you to believe/accept whichever theory you want to.